Environmental Blessing or Curse: Emission Effects of the Belt and Road Energy Infrastructure projects in Africa
With the lowest industrialization level in the world, Africa has been facing severe energy limitations. Recently, the belt and road initiative, the most prominent global development program, attempts to tackle these issues by providing efficient energy infrastructure to the recipient countries. However, the BRI's reliance on non-renewable energy sources, such as coal, arouses widespread concern related to pollution. Utilizing novel micro-level BRI related power plant project and pollution data from 2000, the project will be among the first to empirically examine whether the BRI offers emission-efficient energy option to Africa. The result of the project will offer important policy implications to international development policy design with a focus on energy infrastructure.